Czech Republic

Capital city



Central Europe, southeast of Germany

Map reference



total: 78,866 sq km (water: 1,590 sq km, land: 77,276 sq km)

Land boundaries

total: 1,881 km

Border countries

Austria 362 km, Germany 646 km, Poland 658 km, Slovakia 215 km


temperate around 20 C during September

Irrigated land

240 sq km (1998 est.)


10,249,216 (July 2003 est.)

Population growth rate

-0.08% (2003 est.)

Ethnic groups

Czech 81.2%, Moravian 13.2%, Slovak 3.1%, others


Roman Catholic, Protestant, Orthodox, other, atheist



Government type

parliamentary democracy


Czech crown



Tourist and info centre

Na Příkopě street 11, Prague 1, 9.00- 19.00 oclock

Public transport in Prague

tram, metro, bus, taxi (price/1 km is cca 1.5,- Euro)


in Czech crowns, or credit cards (Visa, American Express, EuroCard, MasterCard)


220 V

Important telephones

police/158, emergency/150


The capital of the Czech Republic is our most valuable urban conservation area. In 1992 the historical core of the city covering 866 hectares was listed in the UNESCO World Cultural and Natural Heritage Register.

Prague was one of the nine cities awarded by the European Community the title of European City of Culture for the year 2000.

"Praga caput regni" has been inscribed in Prague's coat of arms. And rightly so. Since the very beginning, Prague has always played an important role in the history of both the nation, country and Europe. Since the Middle Ages, Prague has been known as one of the most beautiful cities of the world, and has been attributed adjectives such as "golden", "city of hundred spires", "the crown of the world", "a stone dream". Throughout centuries, prominent personalities paid homage to it. W. A. Mozart, L. van Beethoven, F. M. Dostoyevsky, A. Rodin, G. Apollinaire, P. I. Tchaikovsky, O. Kokoschka as well as the British Queen Elizabeth II and Pope John Paul II professed their beguilement by its attractiveness and architectural beauty. Writers and poets, such as Jan Neruda, Jaroslav Hasek, Jaroslav Seifert, Franz Kafka, Max Brod and Egon Erwin Kisch featured their home town in thier works. Prague represents a unique collection of historical monuments dominated by Prague Castle which towers high above the city. It merges all artistic and architectonic styles and movements. The historical core of the city is situated on both banks of the Vltava river and consists of 6 parts - formerly independent urban units unified in the 18th century. They are as follows: Stare Mesto (Old Town), Josefov (the preserved part of the former Jewish Town - today part of the Old Town), Nove Mesto (New Town), Mala Strana (Lesser Town), Hradcany and Vysehrad. Naturally, most of the historical monuments, museums and galleries are concentrated there.

More information about Czech Republic

General and tourist information



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